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22gigantes.com - On May 19, 1945, eleven days after the surrender of Nazi Germany in Europe, a U-boat was escorted into Portsmouth Naval Yard, New Hampshire. News reporters covering the surrender of U-234 were ordered, contrary to all previous and later U-boat surrender procedures, to keep their distance from crew members and passengers of U-234, on threat of being shot by the attending Marine guards.Why the tight security? Buried in the nose of the specially-built mammoth boat, sealed in cylinders “lined with gold,” was 1,120 pounds of enriched uranium labeled “U235”the fissile material from which atom bombs are made.Critical Mass documents how these Nazi bomb components were then used by the Manhattan Project to complete both the uranium bomb dropped on Hiroshima and the plutonium bomb dropped on Nagasaki, to defeat the Japanese and win World War Two and global domination in the modern age.
Best Review of Critical Mass: How Nazi Germany Surrendered Enriched Uranium For The United States' Atomic Bomb:
Most helpful customer reviews 4 of 8 people found the following review helpful. Numerous and obvious factual errors By K7AAY Numerous and obvious factual errors of fact damage the credibility of this text, and it's especially painful considering how much the book relies on the facts revealed in the book.For example, the uranium cargo of the U-234 was claimed to be highly radioactive, as in 'Hirschfeld's straightforward account of the uranium being "highly radioactive" - he later witnessed the storage tubes being tested with Geiger counters - and labeled "U235" provides profoundly important information about this cargo.' Yet, U-235 is not highly radioactive.He describes the preparation of heavy water as 'The procedure of creating heavy water results in regular water molecules picking up an additional hydrogen atom.' This is totally false. Heavy water has the same percentage of hydrogen as ordinary water, but heavy water instead is composed of deuterium, a hydrogen atom with an extra neutron, which is sorted out of regular water, not manufactured.The third error in fifteen minutes of reading revealed this blooper: 'The note goes on to say that this recommendation was given to and approved by Lt. Colonel Parsons, General Groves' right-hand man on the military side of the Manhattan Project.' William 'Deke' Parsons was a Naval officer, not an Army officer, and had the rank of Captain during the Project.And, the fourth error found: 'When James B. Conant reported in mid-1942 that Germany might be ahead in the arms race by as much as a year - and despite traditional history there is evidence this was so - impetus was finally given to the program, but it still took until September of that year to recruit Groves.'The colonel who had a decade earlier overseen the construction of the great symbol of United States military might - The Pentagon -'Another failure of fact; the funding for the Pentagon had not even been authorized by the Congress until July 1941, hardly a decade before. Groves had also accepted the Manhattan Project assignment in August 1942, but the announcement was withheld until his promotion came through on 23 September 1942.Error of fact number five: 'only one-third as much plutonium was needed for a bomb than enriched uranium because plutonium is more radioactive.' Actually, Pu-239 has a smaller critical mass because it has a higher probability for fission than U-235 and a larger number of neutrons produced per fission event, not because it is more radioactive.--There may well be jewels of fact in his writing, but I suggest you take _everything_ with a grain of salt, given how many errors of fact I quickly found in the first six per cent of the book. 5 of 14 people found the following review helpful. All History is Not in The Textbooks By Don Carsten The book is not only an informative adjunct to conventional history, it is an exciting story. The author keeps your interest every step of the way, as he unfolds an intensively documented revelation of a heretofore untold chapter in World War II history. He tells us how the Germans developed the atomic bomb; traces our own efforts to build such a weapon; and keeps the timelines together. As something of a historical heresy, Mr. Hydrick points out that we did not independently develop the bombs that were dropped on Japan, and thoroughly documents that as a fact, not a writer's theory. We also learn fascinating facts about the human characteristics of some of the major players. I heartily recommend CRITICAL MASS to anyone interested in history and possessed of the ability to question what "everybody knows". 4 of 14 people found the following review helpful. Critical Mass By Ruben Gonzales This book is both an exciting story of WW2 and an informative additition to the traditionl understanding of the United States' participation in the war. The fact that the outcome of the war hinged so delicately on who controlled the atomic age brings chills when I think of the possibility that Germany could have either completed the bomb or delivered it to Japan for their use. A must read book. See all 5 customer reviews...
A coherent and well researched history of events that have been covered up for half a century--exciting and revealing! -- Otis Maclay, KPFT (Houston) Radio Talk Show Host, August 7, 2003Carter P. Hydrick's excellent 'Critical Mass: How Nazi Germany Surrendered Enriched Uranium for the United States' Atomic Bomb.' -- David Guyatt, web-based article, The Spoils of War, www.DeepBlackLies.com, copyright 2002The best example of primary source research I have seen in a long, long time. -- Gordon Fowkes, Lt. Colonel, US Army (Ret), University of Houston Military History Symposium presenter, Sept. 20, 2003, upon seeing Mr. Hydrick's presentation of research for Critical Mass About the Author Carter Plymton Hydrick has been director of corporate communications for a Fortune 1000 company and a marketing executive for one of the world's largest computer companies. In addition, he has written, directed and/or produced hundreds of film and video productions. Critical Mass is his first book.
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